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Phrasal verb với động từ "look"

18/07/2019 - 08:13 PM - 806 lượt xem

Phrasal verbs with look

 

  • Look after: Chăm sóc

“Look after” có 3 loại tân ngữ theo sau như  oneself, something và somebody.

- Chịu trách nhiệm để chăm sóc ai đó, hoặc chăm lo điều gì đó

Ex: Who’s going to look after the children while you’re away? (Somebody)

I’m looking after his affairs while he’s in hospital. (something)

Don’t worry about me—I can look after myself (= I don’t need any help).

- Chịu trách nhiệm đảm bảo mọi thứ tốt đẹp đến với ai đó

Ex: He’s good at looking after his own interests.

  • Look ahead (to something): Tiên đoán, dự đoán điều sắp xảy ra trong thời gian tới

Ex: I am looking ahead to a better life after I get married.

- Trái ngược nghĩa với Look ahead là Look back

Lưu ý: Look back (on something): to think about something in your past: nhìn lại một điều gì đó đã xảy ra trong quá khứ.

Ex: He usually looks back on his childhood whenever he’s sad.

  • Look for something: Tìm kiếm, mong ngóng điều gì đó

Ex: We shall be looking for an improvement in your work this term.

  • Look forward to something: Trông mong điều gì đó.

Ex: I’m looking forward to the weekend.

Lưu ý: Động từ đi theo “Look forward to” sau phải ở dạng hiện tại phân từ  (V-ING)

Ex: We’re really looking forward to seeing you again.

  • Look on: to watch something without becoming involved in it yourself

Ex: Passers-by simply looked on as he was attacked

Lưu ý: Khi “look on” có tân ngữ đi kèm thì nghĩa của nó hơi khác một chút.

  • Look on somebody/something as somebody/something: to consider somebody/something to be somebody/something: Xem xét (chung)

Ex: She’s looked on as the leading authority on the subject.

  • Look on somebody/something with something: to consider somebody/something in a particular way: Xem xét (về 1 vấn đề cụ thể)

Ex: They looked on his behaviour with contempt.

  • Look down on somebody/something: xem nhẹ ai/cái gì

(to think that you are better than somebody/something)

Ex: She looks down on people who haven’t been to college.

  • Look up: Tra cứu

Ex: At last things were beginning to look up.

  • Look in (on somebody): Ghé qua nhà ai đó (Khi họ bị ốm hoặc cần sự giúp đỡ)

Ex: She looks in on her elderly neighbour every evening.

      Why don’t you look in on me next time you’re in town?

  • Look into something: Điều tra

Ex: A working party has been set up to look into the problem.

Lưu ý: “Look into” Có nghĩa khác nếu into là một giới từ

Ex: He looks into her eyes as if to ask for a kiss.

  • Look out: Là cách nói dùng để cảnh báo ai đó phải cẩn thận, đặc biệt khi có nguy hiểm sắp đến gần

(used to warn somebody to be careful, especially when there is danger = Watch out)

Ex: Look out! There’s a car coming.

  • Look out for somebody: to take care of somebody and make sure nothing bad happens to them
  • Look out for somebody/something:

+ to try to avoid something bad happening or doing something bad: Cố tránh xa điều xấu sắp xảy ra hoặc cố tránh làm điều xấu

Ex: You should look out for pickpockets.

+     Do look out for spelling mistakes in your work: Cố tìm kiếm hoặc gặp gỡ ai đó

Ex: I’ll look out for you at the conference.

  • Look out for somebody/yourself: to think only of somebody’s/your own advantage, without worrying about other people: Tự phụ

Ex: You should look out for yourself from now on.

  • Look something out (for somebody/something): to search for something from among your possessions: lục lại, tìm lại

Ex: I’ll look out those old photographs you wanted to see. 

  • Look something over: Khám xét

Ex: We looked over the house again before we decided we would rent it.

  • Look round: Nhìn quanh

(to turn your head to see somebody/something behind you)

Ex: She looked round when she heard the noise.

  • Look through: Phớt lờ ai đó
  • Look through somebody: to ignore somebody by pretending not to see them

Ex: She just looked straight through me.

  •  Look through something: to examine or read something quickly: Xem hoặc đọc điều gì đó rất chóng vánh

Ex: She looked through her notes when making speech

  • Look back: nhìn lại quá khứ

Ex: Happy is the man who can look back on his past with sactifaction.

  • Look down on: khinh bỉ

Ex: Don't look down on the poor, my dear! Poverty is not a vice.

  •  Look up: tra từ điển

Ex: Wait a minute! I'll look up the exact word for you.

  • Look up to: kính trọng

Ex: I always look up to kind fine people.

  • Look like: trông giống như

Ex: Doesn't he look like his father?

  • Look into: xem xét tường tận

Ex: After having looked into the proof, the police concluded that John was the robber.

  • Look forward to doing sth: mong ngóng

Ex: I'm looking forward to seeing you soon.

  • Look over: đọc hết

Ex: Let me look over the paper and give you an advice.

  • Look in on sb: ghé qua thăm ai

Ex: Why don’t you look in on your aunt next time you are in town?

  • Look on: chỉ nhìn mà không tham gia

Ex: Passers-by simply looked on as the accident happened.

  • Look out!: chú ý! Cẩn thận!

Ex: Look out! There is a car coming.

  • Look round: nhìn xung quanh

Ex: She looked round and secretly hide the box of money.

 
 
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