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100 Phrasal Verbs thông dụng nhất - Chắc chắn có trong các bài thi

19/06/2019 - 01:41 PM - 2.988 lượt xem
100 PHRASAL VERB THÔNG DỤNG 
CHẮC CHẮN CÓ TRONG BÀI THI VÀ KIỂM TRA

CLIP PHẦN 1 (phía dưới có Clip phần 2)


1.abide by: tôn trọng, tuân theo luật
If you want to stay at this class, you must abide by the rules.


2..account for: giải thích cho
I hope you can account for all the money you spent.

3.aim to/ at /for : có mục tiêu
I aim to be a millionaire by the time I'm 35.
We are aiming for a 50% share of the Vietnamese market.

4.appeal to:  đề nghị / hấp dẫn, thu hút
The organizers appealed to the crowd to stay calm.

The idea of camping in the woods doesn't appeal to me at all.

5.apply for: ứng tuyển cho
He decided to apply for the job even though he wasn't sure he could make it.

6.back up: hỗ trợ ai
If I tell the boss we've got too much work, will you back me up ?

7.break down : hỏng
John's car broke down on the way to the airport.

8.break in/into: đột nhập
I saw a man outside the shop trying to break in.

9.break up: chia tay
After her marriage broke up, Marry went to live in NewYork.

10.bring about: khiến việc gì đó xảy ra
The arrival of electricity in rural areas brought about a huge change.

11.bring up: nuôi nấng
She stopped working for a few years in order to bring up her children.

12.bump into: tình cờ gặp
Tom bumped into his former teacher at primary school at the supermarket.

13.call for: đề nghị việc gì, ai đó hoàn thành...
The opposition has called for an investigation into the misuse of public funds.

The job calls for excellent computer skills

14.call off: hủy bỏ
The meeting was called off due to the strike.

15.carry out: tiến hành, thực hiện
The plan was carried out to perfection.

16.catch up with: đuổi kịp, theo kịp
I've missed some classes so I'll have to work hard to catch up with the others.

17.cheer up: làm ai đó vui lên
I told her a joke to cheer her up.

18.close down: đóng cửa, dừng hoạt động
When the factory closed down, the employees lost their jobs.

19. come across: tình cờ
Julie come across some photographs of her grandparents.

20.come along : đi cùng ai
I wanted to watch the parade and Alex decided to come along with me.

21.come down with: bị ốm, mắc bệnh gì
He wanted to join us, but unfortunately he came down with the flu yesterday. 

22.come up with: có ý tưởng gì đó
Jim came up with a great idea for the party.

23.consist of: bao gồm
My family consists of 5 members.

24.deal with: xử lý, đối phó với
The manager is good at dealing with difficult customers.

25.dress up:  mặc diện
Do people dress up to go to wedding parties in your country?

26.drop off: ngủ gật
My dad often drops off in front of the television.

27.drop out: bỏ học
Anna decided to go to art school, then dropped out after the first term.

28.embark on: bắt đầu làm gì
Lily embarked on a career that lead her to fame.

29.end up: kết thúc
If Jack continues his misconduct, he'll end up in prison.

30.face up: đối diện với
Sam will have to face up the fact that Jenny is not in love with him.

31.factor in: tính tới, cân nhắc tới.

We must factor in the age of the patients.

32.figure out: hiểu ra, tìm ra câu trả lời
I've bought a new radio. Now I'm trying to figure out how to set the timer.

33.fill in for: tạm thời làm thay ai
Eva is absent this morning , and Julie is going to fill in for her.

34.fill out: hoàn thành ( biểu mẫu, đơn ứng tuyển)
Please fill out the enclosed form and send it back as soon as possible.

35.find out: tìm hiểu ra
I'm going to call the cinema to find out what time the film starts.

36.focus on: tập trung vào
The advertising campaign will focus on the quality of the product.

37.frown on/upon: không chấp nhận
Smoking is frowned upon in many societies.

38.get along with: có mối quan hệ tốt, hòa hợp với
I must say I get along with my parents.

39.get on well with: có mối quan hệ tốt với
Do you get on well with your colleagues?

40.get rid of: thoát khỏi, loại bỏ thứ gì đó
It's difficult to get rid of old habits.

41.get together: gặp nhau
Let's get together for lunch one day next week.

42.get up: tỉnh dậy
Tony usually gets up at 7 am.

43.give away: cho tặng miễn phí
The artist gave away most of his paintings.

44.give in: đầu hàng
The authorities refused to give in to the demands of the population.

45.give up: dừng, bỏ làm gì
Sarah gave up smoking five years ago.

46.go off: nổ, reo chuông
A bomb went off in a crowded restaurant.

The alarm clock was set to go off at 6 a.m.

47.go on: tiếp tục
Sorry for interrupting. Please go on.

48.go over: đọc lại
Please go over your answer before handing in your test.

49.go through: trải qua điều gì khó khăn
Bill and Amy finally go through the divorce.

50.hand in: nộp
All application forms must be handed in before the end of the month.


CLIP PHẦN 2

 

51.hand out: phát ra
Samples will be handed out at the end of the demonstration.

52.hang on: đợi
Hang on a minute. I'm nearly ready.

53.hang out: dành thời gian đi ra ngoài với ai
Who does he hang out with yesterday ?

54.hang up: cúp máy
Please don't hang up. I haven't finished yet.

55.head for: đi tới đâu đó
The group of tourists headed off to the train station.

56.hurry up: nhanh lên
Come on guys. Hurry up! We're going to miss the bus.

47.improve on: cải thiện
The runner trained regularly to improve on his previous performance.

48.indulge in: cho phép mình tận hưởng điều gì
I've been dieting all week but today I'm going to indulge in a dessert.

49.jot down: viết xuống
I jotted down the address while watching a documentary on television.

50.keep on: tiếp tục làm gì
I told the children to be quiet but they kept on making noise.

51.keep up with: theo kịp
Bill walks so fast , so it's difficult to keep up with him.

52.kick off: bắt đầu
The foot ball match is planned to kick off at 3 pm.

53.knock down: đâm vào, làm đổ xuống đất
The child was knocked down by a car on the way to school.

54.lay off: xa thải
Many factories have had to lay off workers.

55.leak out: rò rỉ thông tin ra công chúng
News of the planned merger leaked out before the end of the negotiations.

56.let down: làm ai thất vọng
You promised to come to the party, so don't let me down.

57.light up : chiếu sáng
The screen lights up when you turn on a computer.

58.line up: đứng vào hàng
the books were lined up neatly on the shelves.

59.live through: sống xót sau chuyện gì
My grandparents lived through two wars and learned to survive.

60.look after: chăm sóc
A baby sister looks after the children when their parents go out.

61.look at: nhìn vào...
Look at the picture of my grandfather when he was young !

62.look back on: nhớ lại quá khứ
My parents and their friends like to look back on " the good old days".

63.look down on: coi thường ai
He tends to look down on anyone who is not successful.

64.look for: tìm kiếm 
Jane went shopping to look for an outfit for the wedding.

65.look forward to: háo hức mong đợi
I look forward to seeing you next weekend.

67.look up to: ngưỡng mộ
He was a wonderful teacher and many students looked up to him.

68.make fun of: cười ai đó
The old lady dresses so strangely that the children make fun of her.

69.make up : bịa ra chuyện
Some employees make up excuses when they arrive late for work.

70.make up for: bù cho
If I work longer the next few days I can make up for the time I was absent.

71.name after: đặt tên theo
My husband wanted William to be named after his grandfather.

72.pass away: qua đời
The old lady pased away peacefully.

73.pass on: truyền đi
Don't forget to pass on the information to all the members.

74.pass out: ngất đi
She passed out when she received confirmation that the plane had crashed.

75.pick up: cho ai đi nhờ/ chọn thứ gì
James is coming to pick me up at the station.

76.pop up: xuất hiện, xảy ra
The question of security popped up during the meeting.

77.pull up : dừng lại
All vehicles must pull up at the traffic lights.

78.put off: trì hoãn
The meeting has been put off until next week because of the strike.

79.put on: mặc vào
You'd better put on your coat - it's cold outside today.

80.put sb up:cho ai ở nhờ
We can put you up if you'd like to come for the weekend.

81.put up with: chịu đựng điều gì
I don't know how you can put up with the noise of all that traffic.

82.point out: chỉ ra
My mother pointed out the house where she grew up.

83.rely on: phụ thuộc vào
Don't worry. You can rely on me. I can keep a secret.

84.run into: tình cờ gặp
Sophie ran into Maria at the shopping center.

85.run out of: cạn kiệt
We're run out of milk, so please remember to buy some when you go shopping.

86.set off: bắt đầu một chuyến đi
Early Saturday morning we will set off for a long journey to the mountain.

87.set up: bắt đầu, khởi tạo
Victoria set up her own company 10 years ago.

88.settle for: chấp nhận điều gì đó dù không thoải mái
I was hopping for a better proposal but I'll settle for the amount you offer.

89.show up: xuất hiện
We expected Will to come but he didn't show up.

90.shut up :câm miệng
Oh shut up you idiot!

91.sign up for: đăng kí hoạt động nào đó
Emma signed up for a computer course last week.

92.sleep in: ngủ nướng
Tomorrow is Saturday, so I can sleep in.

93.sort out: sắp xếp lại mọi thứ, giải quyết vấn đề
There was a misunderstanding but Lea sorted it out.

Students should sort out their books at the end of the school year.

94.stand for: đại diện cho, có nghĩa là
VAT stands for value added tax.

95.stand up for: bảo vệ ai , điều gì
You must learn to be assertive and stand up for your personal views.

96.take after: giống ai đó
Jamie really takes after his dad.

97.take care of: chăm sóc
I'll take care of your plants while you're away.

98.take off: cất cánh
The plane took off at 7 o'clock.

99.try on: thử thứ gì xem có hợp không
I'm not sure about the size of the shoes. Can I try it on ?

100.use up: dùng cạn kiệt
As fossil fuels will be used up soon, we should think of new alternative resources.

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